2012年4月23日 星期一


Veggie Omelet with Berries

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | 50
David Loftus / Getty Images
David Loftus / Getty Images
Plenty of studies show that eating breakfast is good for your health. It can help maintain weight loss and even reduce lead poisoning. But a 2011 report found that 31 million Americans still don’t eat in the morning.
Oz Garcia, celebrity nutritionist for stars like Hilary Swank and Naomi Campbell, never skips breakfast. His meal of choice: an omelet made with two organic egg whites, one egg yolk, spinach and tomatoes, with a half-cup of organic berries on the side. “This breakfast has a lot of protein and will help keep you feeling full throughout the day. The omelet contains a healthy serving of vegetables and the berries are a terrific antioxidant,” says Garcia.
Eating protein in the morning can reduce cravings and hunger throughout the day, according to a 2011 study published in Obesity. “Incorporating a healthy breakfast containing protein-rich foods can be a simple strategy for people to stay satisfied longer, and therefore, be less prone to snacking,” study author Heather Leidy, assistant professor in the department of nutrition and exercise physiology at the University of Missouri, said in a statement at the time.

Oats with Milk

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | 50
Hayley Harrison / Getty Images
Hayley Harrison / Getty Images
Cristina Rivera, a registered dietician and president of Nutrition In Motion PC, relies on breakfast for training recovery. “I work long hours and I am training for a marathon, I rely on this meal to provide me with the energy I need to get me through days jam-packed with work and intense training regimes,” says Rivera.
According to Rivera, our muscles and brain need fuel immediately upon waking. Neglecting to eat breakfast will force your body to break down glycogen — stored energy in muscle used during exercise — so it can fuel up. This results in less available energy and can lead to sugar cravings later in the day.
(MORE: Eating a Big Breakfast Doesn’t Cut Daily Calories)
“For an athlete, this translates into an inability to perform to your potential and an increased risk of injury. For those who are weight conscious, eating within an hour of waking up stimulates metabolism, which means you burn more calories throughout the day,” says Rivera.
After eating a small snack and going on a run, Rivera cooks herself a breakfast of a half-cup of oats with 1 cup of skim milk. “Raw oats are minimally processed, contain energy producing B vitamins and are a great source of carbohydrates to replenish muscle glycogen after a run. I make it with milk instead of water so that I have the added benefits of calcium, vitamin D and protein to aide in muscle growth and recovery.”
(MORE: 5 Ways to Get Oatmeal in Your Diet, Deliciously)
For flavor, she adds cinnamon, 2 tablespoons of dried cranberries and 2 tablespoons of sliced raw almonds to her oatmeal. “The cranberries are loaded with antioxidants, which counteract oxidative stress that happens to your body during an intense workout,” says Rivera. “Almonds are high in omega-3s, which is a heart-healthy fat known for its anti-inflammatory properties. Adding foods rich in omega-3s to your recovery meal decreases muscle soreness and decreases your risk of injury.”

Sprouted Grain Toast with Almond Butter

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | +
Kirk Mastin / Getty Images
Kirk Mastin / Getty Images
Dawn Jackson Blatner, a registered dietitian and author of The Flexitarian Diet, starts her day with sprouted grain toast with almond butter, sliced apples and coffee.
What’s sprouted grain bread, you ask? The name refers to how the bread is prepared: grains are soaked in water and allowed to “sprout” before they are added to other ingredients. It’s harder to find than standard bread, but you can usually get it at grocery stores that specialize in organic foods like Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s.
“Sprouted grain toast has more absorbable minerals than standard whole grain bread,” says Blatner. “The almond butter gives healthy fat and protein while the sliced apple adds wholesome nutrition and volume for fullness. It’s a good source of fiber and other disease-fighting plant compounds. The coffee in moderation offers mental morning clarity.”
Blatner recommends about 16 ounces a day of coffee to decrease the risk of diseases like diabetes and dementia. Studies have also found that coffee drinkers may be less depressed and have a lower risk of cancer, including fatal prostate cancer, and a smaller chance of stroke.

Fresh Fruit and a Glass of Milk

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | +
John Foxx / Getty Images
John Foxx / Getty Images
“Breakfast for me is an absolute must,” says Keith Ayoob, a registered dietitian and associate professor of pediatrics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. Ayoob always eats fresh fruit, followed by a glass of low-fat or fat-free milk. Later in the morning, he eats protein — usually Greek yogurt or a hard-boiled egg — and whole-grain cereal.
“The extra protein keeps my appetite quiet for the morning,” says Ayoob. “Cereal and milk are great, but I like additional lean protein in the morning. Sometimes the cereal tops off the yogurt, or is put into a Ziploc bag and taken to work with me as a mid-morning snack.”
(MORE: Beauty in a Bowl? Eating Fruits and Veggies May Improve Skin Tone)
Ayoob also indulges his sweet tooth in the morning — but only a little. “The milk is usually turned into my homemade hot chocolate. I’ll make it with lots of unsweetened cocoa powder, and a sugar substitute, like stevia. I’m not anti-sugar, but I’d prefer to spend my calories elsewhere when I can — like on a little dark chocolate later in the afternoon.”
Having something sweet in the morning isn’t necessarily a no-no. A recent study found that eating dessert in the morning can help dieters lose weight. The trick is in the timing: in the morning, the body’s metabolism is most active and there is still an opportunity to work off the calories later. During the 32-week study, participants who consumed a 600-calorie breakfast that included a sweet — like chocolate — lost an average of 40 lbs. more per person than their peers who ate a 300-calorie breakfast without dessert; both groups ate very low-calorie diets overall. As always, moderation is key.

Greek Yogurt, Walnut and Banana Blend

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | +
Steven Brisson Photography / Getty Images
Steven Brisson Photography / Getty Images
Jay Cardiello, founder of the workout system JCORE and trainer for The Real Housewives of New York and 50 Cent, likes variety in the morning, but one of his go-tos is a blend of Greek yogurt, walnuts, cinnamon and banana.
Cardiello starts with a 6-ounce serving of Greek yogurt for protein. “I am getting approximately 15 to 20 grams of protein, which will help me feel more satisfied throughout the morning,” says Cardiello. “Greek yogurt is mostly made up of the slow-digesting casein protein, so my body is constantly being fed, which is important for the long mornings where I may not be able to grab a healthy snack.”
(MORE: Omega-3s May Guard Against Brain Decline)
Next, he adds a handful of walnuts, one banana and a little cinnamon. “Walnuts are a wonderful source of omega-3 and help decrease my cholesterol levels,” says Cardiello. “Bananas provide energy because they contain carbohydrates, fats and protein. I sometimes eat a banana as a pre-workout or afternoon snack when I am starting to fatigue.”
In 2011, researchers from the University of Scranton in Pennsylvania found that walnuts contain more healthy antioxidants than any other nut. “A handful of walnuts contains almost twice as much antioxidants as an equivalent amount of any other commonly consumed nut. But unfortunately, people don’t eat a lot of them,” said study author Dr. Joe Vinson in a statement.

Fruit-and-Veggie Smoothie

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | +
Jamie Grill Photography / Getty Images
Jamie Grill Photography / Getty Images
Kim Snyder, celebrity nutritionist for Drew Barrymore and Channing Tatum and author of The Beauty Detox Solution, starts off her day the same way as her clients, with a “Glowing Green Smoothie” made with all organic lettuce, celery, spinach, apples, pears, bananas and lemon.
“It’s pure fuel that gives you the energy you need to go shooting into your day, supplying your body with essential vitamins, minerals, enzymes, antioxidants and fiber,” says Snyder. “Because it’s blended, it efficiently nourishes your body while taking very little energy for digestion. One 16- to 20-ounce serving contains more leafy green vegetables that most people get in a week…or a month. It’s made up of about 70% green vegetables and 30% fruit, so it’s as delicious as it is energizing and beautifying.”
Here’s Snyder’s recipe:
1 1/2 cups water
1 head organic romaine lettuce, chopped
3-4 stalks organic celery
1/2 head of a large bunch or 3/4 of a small bunch of spinach
1 organic apple, cored and chopped
1 organic pear, cored and chopped
1 organic banana
Juice of 1/2 fresh organic lemon
1/3 bunch organic cilantro (stems okay)
1/3 bunch organic parsley (stems okay)
Directions: Add water and chopped head of romaine to blender. Blend at a low speed until smooth. Add celery, apple and pear and blend at high speed. Add cilantro and parsley. Finish with banana and lemon juice.

Oatmeal with Cottage Cheese

By Alexandra Sifferlin | @acsifferlin | April 10, 2012 | +
Eising / Getty Images
Eising / Getty Images
Keri Gans, a registered dietitian in New York City and author of The Small Change Diet, eats the same breakfast every morning: quick-cooking oatmeal made with nonfat milk, topped with low fat cottage cheese, chia seeds and cinnamon.
“I get fiber from the oats, protein and calcium from the milk and cottage cheese, and healthy fat from the seeds. The combo keeps me satisfied until lunch,” says Gans.
Gans makes sure she gets her dairy in the morning because “it’s an opportunity for calcium and both are good sources of protein which help keep me full.”
Dieters tend to cut back on diary products, but studies have shown a moderate consumption of dairy calcium and vitamin D won’t stymie weight loss goals. Government guidelines also recommend that Americans increase their intake of fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, or fortified soy beverages.